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TCH Hist Stat –
Nova Scotia

NS Soil Types
NS Farmland
Halifax’s Farmland
Dartmouth’s Farmland
NS Orchards



Nova Scotia’s Variety of Soil
by Thomas Chandler Haliburton
An Excerpt From –
An Historical and Statistical Account of Nova Scotia
Pub 1829

Chapter VII
Of the Soil and Agriculture of Nova Scotia.

It has been the peculiar misfortune of Nova-Scotia, to have suffered alike from its enemies and friends. By the former it has been represented as a land of perpetual fog and unrelenting sterility, and by th latter as the land of the olive and grape. Many of the loyalists who emigrated to this Country, and experienced a total failure of their hopes, in consequence of their precipitate and ill-judged attempt to make the formation of towns precede the cultivation of the land, returned in disgust to the United States, and attributed their misfortunes to the poverty of the soil, and the inclemency of the climate, rather than their own indiscretion. The ripening of these people, converted the name of Nova-Scotia [Nova Scotia] into a proverb, and this "ultima thule" of America became the terror of nurseries …

… In such an extent of territory as is contained in Nova-Scotia [Nova Scotia], there must necessarily be a great variety of soil, and no general observations will apply with correctness to the whole ; but the following scale, composed of twelve parts, will perhaps approximate to the truth :–

Prime Land 3 parts.
Good do. 4
Inferior do. 3
* Incapable of Cultivation – 2 parts.

Of these two latter, although occurring in every county in the Province, are chiefly to be found on the southern shore, stretching with irregular breadth and some extensive exceptions, from Cape Canseau round the coast, almost to Cape Forchu ; the two former spreading from the rear of the Bay of Fundy, and on the Gulf shore to the boundary of New Brunswick. This land may be divided into three classes – Upland, interval, and marsh …

* This estimate is exclusive of Lakes, Ponds, and all other land covered with water.

Excerpt From –
An Historical and Statistical Account of Nova Scotia
In two volumes. Illustrated by a map of the province, and several engravings.
By Thomas C. Haliburton, Esq.
Barrister at Law and Member of the House of Assembly of Nova Scotia
[originally] Printed and Published by Joseph Howe, Halifax 1829
Edition consulted – Candiana Reprint Series No. 51
Mika Publishing Belleville, Ontario 1973

Vol 2 Pg 358 – 361


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