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Windsor,  Nova  Scotia, Canada – c. 1800
by Garth Vaughan © 2001
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Origin   Evolution   Hockeyists   Windsor


T.C. Haliburton’s
NS c1800

NS 1st Historian
King’s College
Hurley on Long Pond
TCH’s Long Pond
Clifton Grove
Windsor Gypsum

Why He Wrote
Wise Saws
Works Online

Sam Slick’s Words

Related Pages

Rhode Island to NS
MacMechan Hist/Stat
Chittick Hist/Stat
TCH Explains Hist/Stat
Alexander Meets TCH



Thomas Chandler Haliburton
"Facts are stranger than fiction" – Thomas Chandler Haliburton

Thomas Chandler Haliburton – Chronology
Garth Vaughan

1796 – Born at home Dec.17, on Water Street, Windsor, N.S.
– Site: Presently occupied by AVR Studio.

– Father: Hon. William Haliburton, a Nova Scotia Tory Judge and M.L.A.
– Mother: Lucy, who died when Tom was one year of age. Devoted step-mother Susanna raised Tom.

1810 – Known as "Tom", an only child, he graduated from King’s Collegiate Preparatory School at age 14, and continued his education at King’s College. Windsor’s population was then 1500 and it was known as "the most aristocratic society outside of England", Windsor was the first centre of culture and learning in Canada.

1815 – Acquired B.A. at age 18, King’s College, Windsor.

1816 – Married Louisa Neville – of a family of eleven, three sons and five daughters survived [Three sons died at infancy].

1819 – Finished Studies at King’s College, Windsor, age 23. Soon after became involved in the Gypsum trade. Owned, leased and operated several gypsum quarries about Hants County until 1856. Involved in the quarrying and exporting of gypsum from Windsor and Newport Landing by ship to New England.

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1820 – Articled with father, then – Admitted to the Bar – Practiced Law in Windsor briefly, and then in Annapolis until 1830.

1823 – Published A General Description of Nova Scotia – a handbook of history of Nova Scotia for immigrants – prelude to 1829 Historical Account of N.S.

1826 – Became Tory M.L.A. of N.S. for Annapolis – was noted for oratory and wit.- MLA for three years.

1826 – One of his successes as M.L.A. was to remove "The Test Oath", following which Catholics could hold public office in N.S.

1829 – Published An Historical and Statistical Account of Nova Scotia, the first history of Nova Scotia at age 33

1829 – Appointed judge and returned to Windsor to live.

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Note: 1850-1890 – Windsor was Canada’s third largest sea port (2nd to Montreal and St. John).

1830 – 56 – Was a landlord who owned several rental properties in Windsor.

1832 – He and wife Louisa then had eight children living – five daughters and three sons

1832 – President of Windsor Agricultural Society – the fields of "Clifton Grove" bore abundant crops of vegetables and fruit.

1832 – Built horse-drawn railway from Clifton to the Avon River waterfront. He exported 132,000 tons in 1832 – Horse drawn carts on tramway down Park St [now Clifton Ave.] and along Albert St. to John Clarke’s Wharf at present site of N.S.L.C. He built six small waterfront gypsum warehouses. It was Nova Scotia’s second mining railway, the first being in Pictou County for coal.

1832 – Donated land and money for a church

1833 – 4th of Aug. Haliburton’s long time friend and former professor William Cochran died at age 77.

1833-36 – Built his home "Clifton", a wooden villa with spectacular grounds and gardens, named after his wife’s home town in England.

1833-36 – He designed and built a windmill by himself at Clifton.

1833-36 – Horticultural expert – planted a variety of trees and grew flowers and vegetables at Clifton.

1834 – Sold the Acadian Stone House and Henley Farm at Newport Landing, where he had quarried gypsum. [Now owned by Mr.and Mrs. Sherman Hines].

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1835 – Created Sam Slick a fictional Yankee Clock Peddler, a humorous character who could "speak for" Haliburton. Published "Recollections of Nova Scotia", featuring Sam Slick, in "the Novascotian" a newspaper published by Joseph Howe.

1836 – "Recollections of Nova Scotia" Published as "The Clockmaker: The Sayings and Doings of Sam Slick"

1836 – Through Sam Slick, Haliburton became the first Canadian author to achieve international acclaim. In so doing he became known as "the Father of American Humor".

1836 – Haliburton named Nova Scotians "Bluenoses"

1836 – Haliburton’s "The Clockmaker" was published in England.
– He toured England and Europe as a literary celebrity, accompanied by Joseph Howe.

1836 – Influenced establishment of trans-Atlantic Cunard Steamship Line

1836 – Influenced Joseph Howe to build Nova Scotia’s longest covered bridge across the Avon River, which made Windsor "The Gateway to the Valley".

1836-1856 – He lived at Clifton, writing stories which he dictated to secretaries hired from Windsor.

1838 – Wrote the second series of The Clockmaker.

1839 – Visited England.

1840 – In N.S., he was appointed Canada’s youngest Supreme Court Judge – which was an unpopular political appointment at the time.

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1841 – Wife Louisa died.

1843 – Returned to England for a visit.

1843 – Wrote The Attaché; Or, Sam Slick in England published in England in 2 vols.

1844 – Published The Attaché; Or, Sam Slick in England – Second Series

1847 – Haliburton’s eldest son died.

1849 – Wrote The Old Judge (or, Life in a Colony).

1856 – Resigned position as judge.

1856 – Wrote Traits of American Humor, Sam Slick’s Wise Saws.

1856 – Sold Clifton to James Pellow – Sailed to England for retirement. Married Sarah Harriet Williams and lived at Gordon House on Thames.

1857 – Influenced Premier Joseph Howe to build Nova Scotia’s first public railway, the Nova Scotia Railway, commonly known as the Windsor-Halifax Railway

1858 – Received honorary degree from Oxford – very popular in England as writer and humorist. – Elected to British House of Commons.

1862 – Nova Scotia Fruit Growers impressed London – R.G. Haliburton, son of T.C.H. organized the show.

1865 – Became ill and died in August – buried at Isleworth, Middlesex, England.

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Haliburton’s most famous books are The Clockmaker, The Attaché (or: Sam Slick In England – four vols.), and The Old Judge. Through his writings he told that boys, as early as 1800, at King’s College School were playing Hurley on Ice and games at base in the fields. Hurley on Ice developed into Ice Hockey in Nova Scotia, and games at base in the fields developed into Baseball in New York State.

Windsor, N.S., the Birthplace of Hockey, and Cooperstown, New York, the Home of Baseball and the Baseball Hall of Fame, became united as twin towns on August 19, 1996.

Because of Sam Slick’s wise sayings (Wise-Saws), to this day Haliburton is America’s most frequently quoted author.

See Also – T.C. Haliburton Bibliography

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