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Birthplace of Ice Hockey
Windsor,  Nova  Scotia, Canada – c. 1800
by Garth Vaughan © 2001
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Origin   Evolution   Hockeyists   Windsor

Evolution

Overview

Stick-Ball Games


Equipment
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Team


Rules


Glossary
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Evolution of Ice Hockey Equipment – 1
-till 1900

11th Century – Skates originated: The word Skate means ‘leg bone’. They were first strapped to feet and used as skates by Scandinavian, Finnish and Dutch people, principally for hunting animals. Skates made from bones and walrus tusks have been found in England, Germany and the Netherlands where they are known to have been used in the 11th-14th Centuries. The metal runner first added to skis by the Norse was the forerunner of the stock/block skate which was invented in Scotland where it was used as pleasure skating began.

1572 – stock skate Iron-blade Stock Skate invented in Scotland

1700s – Stock skates used as skating was popular in Nova Scotia

1800 – Stock/Block Skates – hand-made by Blacksmiths, etc.
– used as Ice Hurley and Ice Hockey began in Nova Scotia

1800 – hurley sticks Irish Hurley Sticks called ‘HURLEYS’ used as Ice Hurley began in Windsor

1800 – hurley ball Hurley Ball, called ‘Sliotar used as Ice Hurley began in Windsor

1800 – Rock and stone goal markers stuck to ice – used as Ice Hurley
began

1860 – "MicMac" hurleys and hockeys "MicMac" “hurleys” and “hockeys” made by Mi’kmaq wood carvers who harvested ‘hockey-roots’ – they used ‘hornbeam’ and ‘birch’ trees

1860 – wooden puck Wooden pucks, cut from tree branches, used instead of unmanageable hurley ball

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1861 – Starr ‘Stock’ Skates factory-made in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia

1863 – Starr ‘Acme Club’ self-fastening “spring” skates – invented and patented by Starr Mfg. Co., Ltd. in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, as skating and Ice Hurley became more popular.

1866 – starr acme club skate Starr ‘HOCKEY’ Skates invented and patented by Starr Mfg. Co. Ltd., This fact establishes that Ice Hockey was being played in Nova Scotia at that early date.

1886 Vulcanized Rubber Puck first used at Queen’s University, in Kingston Ontario.

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1890s –Buckled Leather Straps Ankle Support Ankle Support Straps were introduced on skates.

1893 – Goal Tender’s Stick widened in Winnipeg – Goalies previously used ordinary hockey stick .

1893 – Cricket Pads Cricket Pads began to be used by goal tenders

1896 – Short Shin Pads Short Shin Pads worn outside of stockings – held on with leather buckled straps.

1899 – N.S. Box Net January 6, the Halifax hockey teams developed the first hockey goal net called the Nova Scotia Box Net

Continued in Evolution of Ice Hockey Equipment – 2, from 1900 on.

 

 

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